What is Enneagram?

peta-kepribadian-enneagramThe Enneagram is one of the psychological tests developed by Oscar Ichazo and Claudio Naranjo based on personality theory which was initiated by G.I. Gurdjieff. Enneagram tests were introduced in 1950 and are still being developed.

From one point of view, the Enneagram can be seen as a set of nine discrete personality types, with each representation on the Enneagram indicating one type. It is obvious to find a little of yourself in all nine of the categories, although one of them should attain out as being resembling yourself.

Everyone begins from childhood with one of the nine types dominating their personality, with inborn temperament and other prenatal factors being the primary determinants of our representation. This is one field where almost all of the significant Enneagram authors agree—we are born with a dominant type. Subsequently, this inborn orientation largely determines how we learn to adapt to our early childhood environment. In any event, by the time children are four or five years old, their consciousness has progressed adequately to have a separate sense of self. Although their character is still very changeable, at this age children begin to ascertain themselves and find means of fitting into the world on their own.

Each descriptor can be expanded into four-word sets of traits. Have in mind that these are merely highlights and do not represent the full spectrum of each type.

  • Type 1 is principled, purposeful, self-controlled, and perfectionistic.
  • Type 2 is generous, demonstrative, people-pleasing, and possessive.
  • Type 3 is adaptable, excelling, driven, and image-conscious.
  • Type 4 is expressive, dramatic, self-absorbed, and temperamental.
  • Type 5 is perceptive, innovative, secretive, and isolated.
  • Type 6 is engaging, responsible, anxious, and suspicious.
  • Type 7 is spontaneous, versatile, acquisitive, and scattered.
  • Type 8 is self-confident, decisive, willful, and confrontational.
  • Type 9 is receptive, reassuring, complacent, and resigned.

 

Source: How The System Works — The Enneagram Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.enneagraminstitute.com/how-the-enneagram-system-works/

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